Are Stomach Cramps a Major Sign of Crohn’s Disease?

Are Stomach Cramps a Major Sign of Crohn’s Disease?

Although Crohn's disease was thought to be a rarity in India, over the last decade there has been a subsequent rise in the reported numbers across the nation. Well, Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation of the inner lining of the digestive tract. It is a chronic digestive disorder that affects the small intestine and the colon leading to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, ulcers and even weight loss. 

While symptoms of Crohn’s diseases varies from person to person depending on the affected area of the digestive tract, some of the common signs include: 

  • Cramps and pain in the abdomen 
  • Ulcers in the mouth 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Bloody stool 
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Reduced appetite 
  • Nausea or loss of appetite
  • Rectal bleeding and anal fissures 
  • Prolonged fever and fatigue 

If you experience the aforementioned symptoms, it is advised that you consult a doctor for complete medical checkup. While there is no cure of Crohn’s disease, timely detection and medication help to ease the symptoms. Additionally, adopting certain lifestyle changes are also considered effective in reducing flare-ups. Here’s how:

Keep a track of the foods that aggravate symptoms 
Keeping a track of the foods that increase flare-ups is the first step that reduces symptoms. Try adopting an elimination diet, where you can remove the foods that trigger the symptoms. Along with it, avoid the consumption of spicy and high-fibre food to reduce frequent flare-ups. 

Limit the consumption of dairy products 
Consumption of dairy products could be the reason for worsening the symptoms including diarrhea, bloating and abdominal pain. Additionally, for people who are lactose intolerant, it slows down the digestion of sugar in milk or lactose and causes frequent flare-ups. Try limiting your consumption of dairy products to ease digestion. 

Hydration is a must to enhance gut health 
Increase in consumption of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages causes dehydration resulting in bloating and even diarrhea. The first step to reduce the flare-ups is to drink plenty of water making sure that the intestine gets enough fluid for digestion. Therefore, it’s important to stay well-hydrated to ease the symptoms. 

Adopt lifestyle changes to keep a tab on stress 
While stress and anxiety aren’t directly related to Crohn’s disease but it worsens the symptoms that trigger flare-ups. To ease the symptoms, try including stress management techniques like yoga, physical exercise, talk-therapy and breathing exercises.

By: Navreet Kaur | on 2020-12-07

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