Can Weight-related Changes Be A Cause Of Something Serious?

Can Weight-related Changes Be A Cause Of Something Serious?

Struggling to bring down your weight or failed to gain any? Feeling too fatigued or revved up a bit much? If you are oscillating between any of these extremes and feel only your metabolism is to be blamed, rethink!

Did you know that a 5cm long butterfly-shaped thyroid gland present right in front of your neck is what controls your metabolism? While it is the metabolism that may guide our bodies to use up the energy, disorders in the thyroid gland are essentially what meddle with the functioning of the metabolism. Since the thyroid gland is the great regulator for both the body and mind, once it goes haywired it is likely to run havoc in more ways than one.

This is true for every 1 in 10 Indians who suffer from thyroid disorders wherein their thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones and causes hypothyroidism. The opposite of this is hyperthyroidism, a condition when the thyroid gland produces too much. What is also worth noting is how the condition is 4 times more prevalent among women of child-bearing age than men. 

According to several studies, 1 in 8 women are likely to develop thyroid-related complications during their lifetime and about 20% of Indian women live with undiagnosed thyroid. Since the little thyroid gland plays a big role in a woman’s reproductive function, once it’s overactive or underactive it may cause several thyroid disorders. Read on to know more!

Puberty and Menstruation
A disorder in the thyroid gland may prepone or delay puberty and menstruation to occur either too early or too late. Additionally, if the thyroid hormone level is abnormally high or low, it may lead to menstrual irregularities. These may include very light or heavy periods or irregular menstruation. Thyroid disorders may also lead to amenorrhea, a condition characteristic of absence of periods.

Overactive or underactive thyroid may also affect ovulation and prevent the release of an egg for fertilization entirely. Women with hypothyroid or underactive thyroid may further be at an increased risk of cyst formation in the ovaries. A condition of severe hypothyroidism may lead to milk production in the breast and prevent ovulation.

Pregnancy and Postpartum
Thyroid disorders during pregnancy may harm the fetus and lead to thyroid problems in the mother like postpartum thyroiditis. Additionally, often deficiency in thyroid hormone may cause complications like miscarriage, preterm delivery, stillbirth and postpartum hemorrhage in some cases. Similarly, women with overactive thyroid during pregnancy may have increased instances of morning sickness. These conditions are manageable when treated by a trained healthcare professional

In some instances, thyroid disorders may lead to an early onset of menopause usually before the age of 40 or during the early 40s. In some cases the symptoms of hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid too may be mistaken for early menstruations. Symptoms including  hot flashes, extreme mood swings, insomnia and lack of menstruation may be a cause of overactive thyroid. Once these conditions are treated, they not only ease the symptoms but also prevent early menopause.

By: Anubha Hatwal | on 2020-09-24

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