Everything You Need To Know About Black, White and Yellow Fungus

Everything You Need To Know About Black, White and Yellow Fungus

The sudden surge of the second wave of coronavirus has India writhing in its clenches. Along with an unprecedented number of fatalities, shortages of sorts and suffering spread all across, the pandemic has also brought with it newer complexities and dangers in the form of fungal infections.  As several reports about the deadly black virus from various parts of the country were doing the rounds over the past week, cases of a new type of infection called white fungus began to be reported in Bihar. Amid the rise of black and white fungus cases in the country, the first case of yellow fungus is now being seen in Uttar Pradesh’s Ghaziabad. Let’s understand the difference between the three fungal infections, how they develop and the symptoms that people experience in each of these. Read on!

Black Fungus
Mucormycosis, also called black fungus, is a rare infection caused by the exposure of mucor mould. This mould is known to exist in the environment in the soil, plants, decaying fruits, vegetables, etc.  The exposure of the virus could be through the skin during some kind of a skin trauma, a cut or a burn. Doctors report that the rise of the cases of black fungus may have surged due to the use of steroids in the treatment of  severe Covid-19 cases. Experts say the condition has a mortality rate of 50%. Once a person gets exposed to the black fungus, the infection spreads through the nose while affecting the eyes. If not treated, the infection may reach the brain and cause serious complications.

Listed below are the common symptoms of black fungus:

  • Watery eyes
  • Toothache
  • Blackening or dicolouration of the nose and cheek tissues
  • Nose Congestion
  • Nose Bleeding
  • Pain in the eye
  • Severe Headache
  • Blurred vision 
  • Loss of vision
  • Swelling in the eyes or cheeks

White Fungus
Also called Candidiasis, white fungus is another common condition being witnessed recently by doctors, often in patients of severe coronavirus. This condition is caused due to the formation of whitish discharge of the candida group of organisms. The primary cause of the condition is said to be unsterilized use of oxygen cylinders or excessive use of steroids. The fungal infection is known to infect the skin, mouth, nails, lungs, kidneys etc. In addition to infecting adults, younger children too are prone to the infection. Quite like black virus, this infection is systemic too. Complications are said to rise if the fungus reaches the lungs or blood.

Common symptoms of the infection are listed below:

  • White discharge
  • White patches in oral cavity
  • Skin lesions
  • Low oxygen levels
  • Cough
  • Chest pain
  • Pneumonia

Yellow Fungus
In addition to the black and white fungus, yellow fungus is now being reported in patients recovered from Covid 19. This infection is said to be more lethal than its black and white version. Unlike skin discolouration and discharges experienced in the first two fungal infections, yellow fungus attacks the internal organs first.

Following are said to be the symptoms of yellow fungus:

  • Unusual weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Disrupted digestion
  • Malnutrition
  • Sunken eyes
  • Slow metabolism
  • Pus Leakage
  • Lethargy, fatigue and drop in energy levels

By: Anubha Hatwal | on 2021-05-24

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