Is arthritis a single disease? Know now!

Is arthritis a single disease? Know now!

Heard of Arthritis, the disease that affects a whopping 80% of the population aged above 65 years? Do you know that arthritis has about 100 types and does not represent a single disease?

That’s right, arthritis is an umbrella term relating to inflammation of the joints. The condition is known to cause stiffness, swelling and life-altering discomfort in patients who are affected by it. Despite having common symptoms like swelling, pain, stiffness, restricted range of motion, Arthritis is one of the leading causes of disability. This is because such symptoms not only vary in the degree of pain but also the distress they afflict. Let’s delve a little deeper into 3 of the most common types of arthritis and their symptoms.

Did you know that according to a recent survey, by the year 2025, India is likely to become the capital of Osteoarthritis? This is because osteoarthritis may affect nearly 60 million people in the next 5 years. Stemming from daily wear and tear of joints, this condition is one of the most common types of arthritis and is caused when the body’s shock-absorbing capacity gets lost with age, obesity, injury or overactivity. It is noteworthy that this type of arthritis usually affects the joints like knees, hips, feet, spine and even the hands. Osteoarthritis is caused when the cushion-like protective cartilage between the bones get damaged. This leads to a grating sensation in joints and causes frequent bouts of excruciating pain. If penetrating or acute pain, morning stiffness, stiffness after resting, inability to move through a full range of motion, issues gripping things, bending, squatting, climbing, etc. cause discomfort, kindly get in touch with a qualified healthcare practitioner for the steps ahead!.

Rheumatoid Arthritis
A disease caused when the immune system attacks the joints falls under the rheumatoid arthritis category. The pain experienced in this condition is usually accompanied by inflammation leading to severe joint damage. Most people suffering from this type of arthritis are known to get lumps on their skin. These lumps or rheumatoid nodules affect body parts that are susceptible to pressure.

Psoriatic Arthritis
This type of arthritis is characterized by inflammation and redness in the joints. The causative factors in Psoriatic Arthritis may be an overactive immune system. This particular type of condition is known to affect patients with underlying conditions of psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis further has its types. These may include symmetric, asymmetric, distal interphalangeal among others. Patients of psoriatic arthritis are often recommended a combination of medication and alternative therapies to reduce long term joint damage and discomfort.

By: Anubha Hatwal | on 2020-11-05

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