Is Constant Fatigue a Cause of Concern?
Gradually, multiple sclerosis is becoming a cause of worry due to rising cases in India. Well, recent scientific research claims that the early symptoms can now be identified five years before diagnosis and thereby there are more and more chances of starting the treatment before it becomes severe. Read on to know all about it.
What is multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic illness of the central nervous system where the immune system attacks myelin, the protective layer around nerve fibres. It disrupts the communication between the brain and other parts of the body resulting in vision problems, weakness of muscles as well as cognitive impairment.
What are the symptoms of multiple sclerosis?
People with multiple sclerosis experience a wide range of symptoms that varies from year to year. Some people experience a gradual onset and steady progression of signs and symptoms including:
- Extreme weakness & fatigue
Around 80% of people with multiple sclerosis experience unexplained fatigue that hinders their everyday activities. The sudden deterioration of the spinal cord in multiple sclerosis causes sudden chronic fatigue and weakness that is noticeable in the legs first.
- Vision problems
The inflammation in the optic nerve disrupts the vision and also results in loss of vision, blurred vision or even causes double vision in some cases. The degeneration of vision can be slow but is accompanied by pain in the eyes when looking up or to one side.
- Tingling and numbness
Affecting the brain and spinal cord, multiple sclerosis results in numbness and tingling sensation in the face, arms, legs and fingers.
- Pain & spasms
Muscle spasms and chronic pain are some of the common early symptoms of multiple sclerosis. It also results in stiff muscles or joints, that often leads to extreme pain in the back and legs.
- Dizziness & balance problems
In most cases, people with multiple sclerosis experience dizziness and problems with coordination and balance. If you experience difficulty in walking due to lightheadedness and dizziness or experience vertigo while standing up, it’s time to consult a medical professional.
- Bladder & bowel dysfunction
Most people with multiple sclerosis have a dysfunctional bladder that results in frequent urination and an inability to hold in urine. It is sometimes accompanied by repetitive constipation, diarrhea or loss of bowel control.
- Cognitive health problems
Around 50% of people with multiple sclerosis face cognitive problems. These include forgetfulness, shortened attention span and slurred speech.
- Emotional disruptions
In a lot of cases, multiple sclerosis can also cause irritability, mood swings that sometimes result in bouts of uncontrollable crying or laughter.
What measures can be adopted to manage the symptoms?
While there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, timely treatment can help in managing the symptoms and speeds up recovery from the attacks. Medication plays an important role in managing the symptoms and slowing down its progression. A well-balanced nutritious diet, physical exercise and regular therapies are some other suggested measures that help in staying healthy and managing the symptoms.
By: Navreet Kaur | on 2020-12-09