Itchy Skin & Rashes? It Could Be The Early Symptoms of Urticaria
As it is popularly known, Urticaria or hives are itchy raised skin welts that arise due to some severe allergic reaction to food or medication. This skin reaction is acute though temporary and will subside by proper allergy medications. Chronic rashes may, however, require medical intervention. Some individuals have high sensitivity to external environmental changes or infection and may be extra susceptible to Urticaria or hives.
Let us explore the causes and preventive measures to be undertaken for Urticaria.
Causes of Urticaria
Urticaria often occurs as the body’s allergic reaction against various allergens and some other factors. Here are some of the causes:
- Food allergy
- Sting or insect bite
- Airborne allergens; example: pollen and mould spores
- Infections like influenza, common cold, Hepatitis B
- Heat or cold exposure
- Medications like antibiotics and NSAIDs (Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs)
- Dust mites or intestinal parasites
- Lupus or any other autoimmune response
- Physical exercise
- Stress, nervousness and anxiety
In all such cases, every external trigger causes an escalation in the skin’s histamine levels. In turn, this leads to capillary leakage and dilation of skin blood vessels in the affected area. This causes skin redness and fluid build-up or itchiness and swelling.
Types of Urticaria
Acute: This type comes early. The flare may stay for some hours or can even extend to a few weeks. Generally, medications and food can cause this type of Urticaria.
Chronic: Urticaria may become chronic if it lasts for six weeks and above. This is primarily due to autoimmune disorders.
Physical: This ailment category comes upon exposure to physical situations like heat, cold, sun, sweating, or exercise. The symptoms are visible in less than 60 minutes of exposure.
Prevention Measures You Can Adopt for Urticaria
For most Urticaria cases, no treatment is required, and the symptoms subside on their own. Healthcare providers may sometimes recommend home remedies and medications to help one feel better.
Since this ailment affects a specific category of people who are sensitive to external environment adaptations, simple lifestyle changes can be a big step in preventing hives from reoccurring.
Here is what you need to do:
- If one is vulnerable to allergies, one should stay aware of what substances can trigger an allergic reaction. Steering clear from these factors will be the foremost step in preventing Urticaria.
- One should avoid wearing tight clothing that may cause excessive sweating or skin rashes.
- Keep away from high-humid or ultra-sunny areas.
- Avoid exposure to direct sunlight.
- Avoid the use of skin-irritating cosmetics and products.
- Keep your surrounding area cool and comfortable to avoid sudden flares.
- Take allergy shots or medication as per the doctor’s recommendations.
Is it a matter of concern?
Understanding the reason and causes behind the sudden outbreaks of Urticaria can be crucial in treating it timely and even preventing it. While medical supervision will be required for severe cases, mild cases can be alleviated with home remedies. Urticaria may disappear or reappear, but if one stays well-prepared, one can soothe the symptoms and prevent discomfort with easy means.
By: 1Tab Desk | on 2021-07-07