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Migraine Headaches You Should Be Wary Of

Migraine Headaches You Should Be Wary Of

Do you know a migraine is the third most common disease in the world with an estimated global prevalence of 14.7% (i.e. around 1 in 7 people)? Headaches are a common occurrence, but a lot of times you’d have experienced throbbing pain in the head because of stress headaches or skipping meals resulting in short spanned hunger headaches. But if you experience pulsating pain on one side of the head, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light & sound, it could be a migraine headache. 

What is a migraine headache?
Migraine headache is a neurological condition that is characterized by intense, debilitating headaches, followed by nausea, vomiting, difficulty in speaking, numbness or tingling and also sensitivity to light and sound. It usually affects one side of the head that lasts for around 4 hours and even goes up to 72 hours, if not treated. But migraine headaches aren’t the same for everyone, read on to identify it’s different types.

Types of migraine headaches:

Migraine with Aura
Around one-fourth of the people who have migraines experience aura headaches. Aura is the sensory changes that you experience followed by a throbbing pain in the head. It usually involves experiencing pin & needles in the arms or legs, weakness of limbs, seeing a zig-zag white line or black spots in the vision, difficulty in speaking and even confused thoughts or experiences that last for about 10 to 30 minutes. An aura normally starts before the migraine headache begins, but it can continue once the pain starts. 

Migraine without Aura 
More commonly, people experience no aura or sensory changes before a migraine headache. Symptoms include throbbing or pulsating pain on one side of the head, that worsens if climbing the stairs or walking. Many times, it is accompanied by nausea as well as sensitivity to light and sound. 

Chronic Migraine 
Often severe headaches, it is a combination of migraine and tension headaches. People who experience chronic migraines have pounding headaches for over 15 days a month for 3 or more months. For most of the days, one might experience severe headaches which are more likely accompanied by other chronic pain like arthritis, etc. 

Vestibular Migraine 
Also known as migraine-associated vertigo, these migraine headaches are experienced by people of all ages that affect the balance and cause dizziness. Around 40% of the people who experience migraines have some vestibular symptoms. Along with vertigo symptoms, vestibular migraines are usually triggered by particular foods. Proper neurological treatment is the way out for preventing and easing the symptoms of vestibular migraines.

Optical Migraine 
These are severe migraine headaches that are followed by visual disturbances, like flashes of light, blind spots or even loss of vision in one eye for around half an hour. Quite common in childbearing women, but optical or retinal migraines are completely reversible with timely treatment. 

Menstrual Migraine 
Around 60% of the women experience migraine headaches before, during or after their menstruation period. Research shows that these headaches are normally severe, long-lasting and cause nausea. 

Hemiplegic Migraine 
A rare type of migraine headache that feels like a stroke. Hemiplegic headaches are severe and accompanied by temporary weakness on one side of the body with visual aura changes. It also causes other aura symptoms including pin- needle sensation or loss of sensation on one side of the body. These sensory changes last for up to 24 hours and disappear as the headache eases.

By: Navreet Kaur | on 2020-09-13

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