Sudden Weight Gain? Things You Shouldn’t Ignore
Do you find it hard to lose weight? And do those extra kilos fail to go even after hours of gym, healthy meals and even putting a hold on late-night munchies? Well, the first step is to calculate the body mass index (BMI). BMI is an estimate of body fat based on a person’s weight to their respective height. It helps in determining whether the person is obese or overweight.
While a few bulges are healthy for some people, it is advised to keep a tab on BMI. A body mass index above 30 in the BMI scale is considered as obese. For some, the reason behind obesity could be genetics, sedentary lifestyle while for others it could be the body’s sign to an underlying illness. Research proves that having excess fat on the body puts extra stress on the bones, muscles and organs resulting in joint pains, fatigue as well as heartburn. Additionally, obesity also increases the risk of developing weight-related diseases including:
Cardiovascular and Kidney Disease:
Excess weight causes the heart to work harder to pump blood leading to high blood pressure or hypertension and high cholesterol. Along with this, obesity increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases resulting in heart attack, sudden cardiac death, angina (chest pain) and abnormal heart rhythm. Increasing the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure, obesity also increases the risk of chronic kidney diseases.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Obesity makes the body’s cells resistant to insulin that further increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. While family history plays a huge role for type 2 diabetes, some other risk factors include less physical activity, unhealthy meals as well as excess body weight around the waist. Therefore, a higher BMI than 30 increases the risk of diabetes as well as other health issues including kidney disease, stroke, amputation, and blindness.
Overweight or obesity is one of the risk factors behind osteoarthritis. Excess weight puts extra pressure on joints and cartilage that causes joint deterioration, pain and decreased joint mobility. This also causes chronic back and knee pain. Additionally, people with more body fat also increases inflammation of joints thereby increasing the risk of osteoarthritis.
Sleep apnea is a health condition that causes one or more pauses in breathing while sleeping. In a lot of cases, it is linked to obesity because of the excess fat around the neck that makes the airway smaller. And a smaller airway makes it difficult to breathe and even results in snoring.
Obesity in pregnant women increases the risk of developing gestational diabetes, preeclampsia as well as increases the chances of C-section and, as a result, taking longer to recover after giving birth. Adding to it, gaining too much weight during pregnancy can have long-term health complications like insulin resistance, high blood pressure and high blood sugar for both, the mother and the child.
By: Navreet Kaur | on 2020-11-27