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Why does our Stomach produce Acid?

Why does our Stomach produce Acid?

Do you know, our stomach produces an acid that is strong enough to dissolve the metal and a drop can burn your muscles. If you can recall your science lessons in school, then you probably know a thing or two about Hydrochloric Acid (HCl), an acid that might have burned your notebook’s paper. A human body is complex enough to make one go in the mode of contemplation. One such thing that can make you dig in further into the hows and whys is that your stomach produces around 2 litres of hydrochloric acid daily.

Why and how much is this acid important for your body?

The hydrochloric acid produced in the stomach keeps the bacteria and viruses at bay keeping you free from infections and diseases. It is also responsible for activating the enzymes that are essential for the digestion of food. It maintains the acidic pH level in check which is required to keep the digestive enzymes functioning. A healthy stomach has a pH level between 1.5 to 3.

Deficiency of HCl can lead to iron deficiency, infections in the digestive system, malabsorption, etc.

How does your body cope with such an acidic substance?

The acid does not affect the human organs adversely because the stomach has a mucus-secreting lining which protects it from this acid. The heart burns you feel sometimes, is a result of the gastric juice leaking up into your esophagus(food pipe) which lacks this protective lining. Too much digestive enzymes can lead to thinning of mucus lining which leads to ulcers.

The human body has curious ways of keeping you safe and healthy. Production of acid in the stomach is one of them.

By: Kiara Sharma | on 2020-01-16

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